- Category: HCV Treatment
- Published on Friday, 08 June 2012 00:00
Achillion's next-generation hepatitis C virus (HCV) protease inhibitor ACH-2684 appeared safe and reduced HCV viral load by up to 4.16 log after 3 days of monotherapy in a Phase 1 of healthy volunteers and people with genotype 1 chronic hepatitis C, the company reported last month.
Below is an edited excerpt from a recent Achillion press release describing the study and its findings.
Achillion Announces Additional Proof-of-Concept Data With ACH-2684 for the Treatment of Hepatitis C
Achieves Up to 3.73 log10 Reduction in Genotype 1 HCV RNA After Three Days of Treatment With Once-Daily 400 mg ACH-2684 in Phase 1b Study
New Haven, Conn. -- May 21, 2012 -- Achillion Pharmaceuticals, Inc. (Nasdaq:ACHN) today reported proof-of-concept data from a Phase 1b clinical trial demonstrating that patients with chronic hepatitis C (HCV) genotype 1 (GT 1) treated with ACH-2684, a second-generation protease inhibitor, achieved a mean maximum 3.73 log10 reduction in HCV RNA after three-day 400 mg monotherapy with once-daily (QD) dosing. The compound also demonstrated good safety and tolerability both in healthy volunteers and in patients with HCV.
"We believe ACH-2684, with its potent antiviral activity achieved without boosting and once-daily dosing, is one of the most intriguing protease inhibitors in clinical development for the treatment of HCV," commented Michael D. Kishbauch, President and Chief Executive Officer of Achillion. "As we continue to focus our efforts on advancing our internally developed all-oral, interferon-free HCV regimen consisting of ACH-1625, our next generation protease inhibitor, in combination with ACH-3102, a second generation pan-genotypic NS5A inhibitor, we believe that the profile of ACH-2684 provides a significant strategic and therapeutic option for potential combinations with either ACH-3102 or other direct-acting antiviral agents."
ACH-2684 Phase 1 Clinical Trial
Achillion is evaluating ACH-2684 in a Phase 1 randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial to investigate the safety, tolerability, pharmacokinetic profile and antiviral activity in healthy subjects and HCV-infected patients. The trial consists of three segments: Phase 1a assessment of single ascending oral doses (SAD) in healthy volunteers, Phase 1a 14-day multiple ascending doses segment (MAD) in healthy volunteers, and Phase 1b evaluation of three days of oral repeat doses in subjects with GT 1 or 3 HCV. The MAD segment of this trial will be initiated during the second quarter and full trial results are expected to be presented at a medical meeting in the fourth quarter of 2012.
During the oral repeat doses segment in subjects infected with GT 1 HCV, a total of 30 patients were enrolled including 6 patients receiving placebo and 24 patients treated with three doses of 100 mg once daily [QD] (n=8), 400 mg once daily (n=8), or 400 mg twice daily [BID] (n=8) of ACH-2684. No serious adverse events (SAE) were reported and there were no patient discontinuations during treatment. The mean maximum GT 1 HCV RNA decline during therapy for the 100 mg QD, 400 mg QD, and 400 mg BID groups were 3.36 log10, 3.73 log10, and 4.16 log10, respectively, compared to a 0.68 log10 decline for patients receiving placebo. There were no viral breakthroughs observed during ACH-2684 monotherapy. Additional assessments of GT 3 activity are currently under development.
Safety data from the SAD and HCV-infected segments of the trial demonstrated ACH-2684 was well tolerated at all doses evaluated up to and including the maximum total daily dose of 1400 mg. There were no serious adverse events, no clinically significant changes in vital signs, electrocardiograms (ECGs), or laboratory evaluations. All reported adverse events were classified as mild or moderate, and were transient in nature. Dosing in the 14-day MAD segment is being initiated during the second quarter with longer-term safety data expected to be available in the third quarter of 2012.
ACH-2684 is a next-generation HCV protease inhibitor designed and synthesized based on crystal structures of enzyme/inhibitor complex. ACH-2684 is a macro-cyclic, non-covalent, reversible inhibitor of NS3 protease. In preclinical studies, ACH-2684 demonstrated pico-molar potency, excellent pharmacokinetic properties and safety profile at high drug exposures. ACH-2684 also exhibits rapid and extensive partitioning to the liver, as well as high liver/plasma ratios in preclinical studies. ACH-2684 has shown pico-molar potency against NS3 protease that is specific to HCV. It has preclinical activity against the 6 known genotypes of HCV and exhibits equipotent activity against HCV genotypes 1a and 1b at an IC50 of approximately 100 pico-molar. The drug candidate was discovered internally and is being advanced by Achillion.
About Achillion Pharmaceuticals
Achillion is an innovative pharmaceutical company dedicated to bringing important new treatments to patients with infectious disease. Achillion's proven discovery and development teams have advanced multiple product candidates with novel mechanisms of action. Achillion is focused on solutions for the most challenging problems in infectious disease including HCV and resistant bacterial infections. For more information on Achillion Pharmaceuticals, please visit www.achillion.com or call 1-203-624-7000.
Achillion Pharmaceuticals. Achillion Announces Additional Proof-of-Concept Data With ACH-2684 for the Treatment of Hepatitis C. Press release. May 21, 2012.