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IAS 2015: Cash Encourages Circumcision, Prevention of Mother-to-Child HIV Transmission

Cash compensation can improve the uptake of key HIV prevention services in sub-Saharan Africa, according to results from 2 randomized studies presented at the 8th International AIDS Society Conference on HIV Pathogenesis, Treatment and Prevention last month in Vancouver. A randomized trial conducted in Nyanza province, Kenya, showed that offering compensation in the form of food vouchers resulted in a significantly higher uptake of medical male circumcision, while a second randomized trial conducted in the Democratic Republic of Congo showed that providing modest cash incentives significantly increased retention in services for prevention of mother-to-child HIV transmission.

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CROI 2015: Circumcision is Reducing HIV Incidence in Uganda, Rakai Community Study Shows

The growing uptake of medical male circumcision by men in the Rakai district of Uganda is leading to a substantial reduction in HIV incidence among men in one of the districts worst affected by HIV, Xiangrong Kong of Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health reported at the recent 2015 Conference on Retroviruses and Opportunistic Infections (CROI) in Seattle.

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AIDS 2014: Disappointing HIV Cure News Leads to New Questions

The fourth IAS Towards an HIV Cure symposium -- an initiative of the International AIDS Society -- took place July 19-20, prior to the 20th International AIDS Conference in Melbourne.

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AIDS 2014: Circumcised Men and Female Partners Have Lower Syphilis Rates

A study presented today at the 20th International AIDS Conference in Melbourne found positive associations between voluntary medical male circumcision and reduced incidence of syphilis, not just among men, but also among their female partners. Another study found no evidence of risk compensation among men post-circumcision, while a third used a novel food-voucher scheme as an incentive for getting older men to come forward for circumcision.

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AIDS 2014: Adult Male Circumcision Also Protects Women from HIV Infection [VIDEO]

Voluntary medical male circumcision -- which has been shown to reduce the risk of men acquiring HIV by around 50% -- also offers protection for their female partners, according to study findings presented Friday at the 20th International AIDS Conference taking place this week in Melbourne.

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