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Other Infections

Strong Relationship between 1918 Influenza Virus and 2009 H1N1 Flu

There is a strong relationship between the current H1N1 "swine" influenza pandemic and the influenza virus that killed tens of millions of people worldwide in 1918, according to researchers at the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID).

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DDW 2009: Strategies for Managing Acetaminophen-related Liver Disease and Acute Liver Failure

The number of patients with acute liver failure (ALF) is growing in one way that can be prevented: toxicity due to acetaminophen (marketed as Tylenol and many other brands and generics). Therapeutic advances are improving the outlook for people with acetaminophen hepatotoxicity, though some of these are not yet ready for widespread use. During an American Association for the Study of Liver Disease (AASLD) clinical symposium held at the annual Digestive Disease Week meeting (DDW 2009) taking place this week in Chicago, 4 experts in the field offered a look at future strategies for preventing and treating acetaminophen-related liver disease, according to DDW Daily News, the official conference newspaper.

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U.S. Declares Public Health Emergency as Swine Flu Outbreak Spreads

On Sunday, April 26, the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS) declared a public health emergency related to a growing outbreak of a new strain of swine flu.

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CDC Issues Flu Treatment Guidelines and Public Health Service Updates Antiretroviral Therapy Recommendations for Pregnant Women with HIV

On May 29, 2009, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) issued guidelines for treating pregnant women with symptoms of the new H1N1 strain of influenza A, formerly called the "swine flu"; the guidance includes specific recommendations for pregnant women with HIV.

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Two-drug Combination Shows Effectiveness against Drug-resistant Tuberculosis in a Laboratory Study

Tuberculosis (TB) is an opportunistic infection in people with HIV. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) considers HIV-TB coinfection as an AIDS diagnosis, regardless of the stage of HIV infection. HIV-TB coinfected patients with resistance to currently available anti-TB drugs are difficult to treat successfully.

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H1N1 Swine Flu Update and CDC Interim Guidance for Clinicians Treating People with HIV

The novel H1N1 flu that originated in Mexico and first emerged in the U.S. 2 weeks ago continues to spread worldwide, but the severity of illness is less than initially feared, according to U.S. and international public health officials.

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Studies Shed Further Light on HPV Infection and Anal Cancer in HIV+ People

Human papillomavirus (HPV) infection, which is common in both HIV positive and HIV negative people, can trigger abnormal cell proliferation. Some types cause warts, while certain "high-risk" types (e.g., 16, 18) can cause oral, genital, cervical, and anal cancer.

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FDA Will Require Additional Warnings for Over-the-Counter Painkillers, Including Acetaminophen, Aspirin, and Ibuprofen

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) this week told manufacturers of over-the-counter pain medications such as acetaminophen (Tylenol and others), ibuprofen (Advil and others), and aspirin that they must re-write the warning statements on their products by April 29, 2009. The new warning labels must include information about the medications’ potential for causing liver damage and internal bleeding.alt

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Anal Cancer Risk Remains High among HIV Positive Men and Women on HAART: SUN Study

People with HIV/AIDS are at higher risk for precancerous cell changes due to "high risk" types of human papillomavirus (HPV) infection. While invasive cervical cancer is uncommon in developed countries due to routine Pap smears, such screening is not yet recommended for anal cancer (though many experts believe it should be).

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